Horizontal Bandsaw- These machines are used to primarily cut large pieces of metal. The saws hold the material stationary while the blades move down to make the cut. Horizontal saws are not meant for cutting complex shapes or curves like Vertical saws because they apply gravity only. They can cut various materials including plastic, titanium, graphite wood and of course, metal. An advantage to the horizontal bandsaw is that it uses less power than vertical bandsaws.
Vertical Bandsaw- These saw machines is made to assist in cutting curves or shapes into the material. (They can also go by “contour saw”) This bandsaw has the blade mounted vertically and this allows the blade to run perpendicular to the metal being cut. Some vertical saws feature a feed function such as a gravity feed or hydraulic feed to assist running the material through the machine. Vertical Bandsaws are much more versatile than the other types of saws. They can cut into softer metals and even wood. A big advantage to vertical bandsaws is that they require less power and take up less space in the shop.
Cold saws- These are circular saws that have a toothed blade to transfer the heat it generates to keep the material and blade cool. These saws are designed to cut metal without heating the material up. Cold saws use either a Tungsten carbide-tipped circular saw blade or an HSS (high speed steel) circular saw blade. Cold saws have a gear reduction unit and electric motor that can reduce the blade’s speed while maintaining consistent torque during the cutting process. Some advantages include, no dust, more accurate/straight cuts, minimal burr production, and less sparks. They are capable of cutting most non-ferrous and ferrous alloys.
Cut-off saws- These also go by the name of abrasive saws or chop saws. They are a circular saw used to cut hard materials such as metal and concrete. Cut-off saws use composite friction disk blades to cut through the material. Cut-off saws usually come in various types such as free hand, table tops, or walk behind models.
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