The lathe machines consist of a headstock, spindle, chuck, tool post, tailstock, hand wheel, bed, lead screw, chip pan, carriage, apron, saddle, cross slide, guideways, feed rod, and a leg. The headstock holds the gear train, chuck, gear speed control levers, feed controllers, and the main spindle. The lathe will spin the material in a spindle while the cutting tool works to cut the workpiece. Some benefits to using a lathe are accuracy and the ability to perform repeatable production jobs.
Swiss Lathes have a holding mechanism that is recessed behind a guide bushing. The guide busing provides additional support to the stock material while it is being turned. The Swiss lathe has the ability to turn small sized parts and parts that have a large length-to-diameter ratio. Other names for Swiss Lathe machines are Swiss screw machines, Swiss turning centers or Swiss automatic lathes. The way they are configured gives them an advantage over regular lathes due to the holding mechanism that holds the bar stock not being exposed to the tooling and bed.
What does guide bushing do? Guide bushing supports the workpiece while maintaining the precision needed while machining. On regular lathes, if the force of the cut is too great, then it will cause the precision of the cut to diminish. On Swiss lathes, the guide bushing works so that the deflection due to force is as close to zero as you can get. This means that precision is not sacrificed for heavy cuts.
What are some benefits of the Swiss lathe?
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